Psychosis










----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Symptomspsychosis_brain.jpg
-------------------------------1. Hallucinations
----------------------------2. Delusions
----------------------3. Thought Disorder
-----------------4. Lack of Insight














Causes


schizophreniabrain.jpg
schizophrenia


Schizophrenia-

--is a severe and disabling brain disorder
--abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality.


Bipolar disorder
--Causes drastic Mood swings
--Bipolar Disorder is the sixth leading cause of disability in the world


Severe clinical depression
-- depression so severe as to require clinical intervention

Severe psychosocial stress

-- When a social situation severely effects your psychological health.

--
For example adjusting to marriage or starting a new job


Sleep Deprivation-
--is a general lack of the necessary amount of sleep.

--may occur as a result of sleep disorders, active choice or deliberate inducement such as in
interrogation or for torture.


focal epileptic disorders


--Also called partial epilepsy.

-- A body part or parts may twitch, along with other mental disturbances.

Drugs


Certain drugs can also be the cause of a psychotic episode or psychosis itself. Illegal drugs can especially cause harm.

Cocaine---a stimulant as well as appetite suppressant, however it has adverse side effects such as
twitching, paranoia, and impotence


Methamphetamines (meth, speed) ---allows for better concentration and focus however, there are many negative effects on your body it is highly addictive and more of the drug is required for the same effects because of tolerances built up by your own body. Other negative side effects include but are not limited to meth mouth, your appearance degrades, and it can decrease the likelihood of a safe successful pregnancy.


Ecstasy—a stimulant and psychedelic, although you feel at one with yourself and those around you, you are at risk for a myriad of ailments such as dehydration, short term memory lapses,
mental confusion, hypomania, hallucinations, agitation, headache, coma.





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Treatments


The treatment of psychosis depends on the cause or diagnosis or diagnoses, whether they are schizophrenic, have bipolar disorder, or substance intoxication. The first line treatment for many psychotic disorders is antipsychotic medication. Hospitalization is need for extreme cases .There is growing evidence that cognitive behavior therapy and family therapy may help manage psychotic symptoms. When other treatments for psychosis are not working, electroconvulsive therapy, a.k.a shock therapy, is sometimes utilized to relieve the underlying symptoms of psychosis due to depression. Research also suggests that Animal-Assisted Therapy can contribute to the improvement in general well-being of people with schizophrenia.
family_therapy.jpg animal_therapy.jpg

Antipsychotics

Antipsychotic drugs are a group of psychoactive drugs most frequently but not always used to treat psychosis. Over time many antipsychotics have been developed. First generation antipsychotics, also known as typical antipsychotics, were discovered in the 1950s. Most of the drugs in the second generation, also known as atypicla antipsychotics, have more recently been developed. Both of the medication work by blocking the receptors in the brain's dopamine pathway, but other antipsychotics can effect many other receptor targets.
antipsychotic.jpg




















Underwood, Geoffrey, ed. Oxford Guide to the Mind. New York: Oxford UP, 2001.

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/psychosis>.

National Institutes of Health. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001553.htm>.